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Saturday, December 5, 2020 | History

3 edition of U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports found in the catalog.

U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports

United States

U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports

Hearing before the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, ... first session, hearing held October 28, 1999

by United States

  • 66 Want to read
  • 6 Currently reading

Published by For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatUnknown Binding
Number of Pages152
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL10112164M
ISBN 100160603161
ISBN 109780160603167

  The smaller gap is both due to significant growth in the number of investments in Chinese start-ups and relatively stagnant growth in the number of deals involving U.S. AI start-ups. U.S. AI start-ups did receive a record amount of investment in , however, receiving an estimated $ billion in investment, while Chinese AI start-ups Cited by: 1.


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U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports by United States Download PDF EPUB FB2

U.S. POLICY REGARDING HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTER EXPORTS House of Representatives, Committee on Armed Services, Washington, DC, Thursday, Octo The committee met, pursuant to notice, at a.m. in roomRayburn House Office Building, Hon.

Floyd D. Spence (chairman of the committee) presiding. OPENING U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports book. Get this from a library.

U.S. policy regarding high-performance computer exports: hearing before the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, first session, hearing held Octo [United States. Congress.

House. Committee on. A high performance computer1 has both civilian and military applications,2 operates at or above a defined performance threshold, and requires an export license to particular destinations, according to the Commerce Department, the agency responsible for licensing dual-use items.

U.S. policy with respect to the export of sensitive technology. The negative economic impact of export controls on the U.S. economy has stemmed almost entirely from the unilateral aspects of U.S. policy, including restrictions and control practices not followed by U.S.

allies and partners in the Coordinating Committee. U.S. EXPORT CONTROL POLICY IN THE HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTER SECTOR by Robert Johnston S ince the end of the Cold War, successive U.S.

administra-tions have struggled to create and enforce an export control policy that balances the conflicting de-mands of promoting trade and coun-tering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The. The U.S. government controls the export of high performance computers to sensitive destinations on the basis of foreign policy and national security concerns.

The current control system for high performance computers is ineffective because it focuses on controlling individual machines and cannot prevent countries of concern from linking or clustering many. GAO discussed export controls on high performance computers (HPC), focusing on: (1) the basis for the executive branch's U.S.

policy regarding high-performance computer exports book of HPC export controls; and (2) changes in licensing activities and export enforcement requirements resulting from the noted that: (1) one focus of its work was to assess whether the empirical evidence presented in the Stanford University.

CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code RL High Performance Computers and Export Control Policy: Issues for Congress Updated May 5, Glenn J.

McLoughlin Specialist in Technology and Telecommunications Policy Resources, Science, and Industry Division Ian F. Fergusson Analyst in International Trade and FinanceFile Size: KB. export controls.

It examines the evolution of current export policy regard-ing the People’s Republic of China and the provisions of the relevant laws, regulations, and policies applying to the categories of exports that are the primary subjects of the Report: • Commercial communications satellites • High performance computers • Machine.

The High-Performance Computing Act of defines high-performance computing as ''advanced computing, communications, and information technologies, including scientific workstations, supercomputer systems (including vector supercomputers and large scale parallel systems), high-capacity and high-speed networks, special-purpose and experimental systems, and.

Policy Guidance. Deemed Exports. Deemed Exports FAQs; Deemed Reexport Guidance ; Guidelines for Foreign National License Applications; Deemed Export Video; FAQs; Foreign Import/Export License Requirements. Hong Kong; Singapore; United Arab Emirates; Encryption and Export Administration Regulations (EAR) 1.

Encryption items NOT Subject to the. 17 "High-Performance Computing, National Security Applications, and Export Control Policy at the Close of the 20th Century," Seymour Goodman, et. al.; "Information on. The receipt is recorded as an _____ of U.S. services and assigned a _____ sign in the services account of the U.S.

balance of payments. Export; plus When a country imports more goods and services and pays more abroad than it exports and receives from abroad, it. TW METALS, INC. March, The Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced that TW Metals, Inc. of Exton, Pennsylvania, has agreed to pay a $, civil penalty to settle allegations that it violated the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) related to the export of titanium alloy and aluminum bar to China and Israel without the required export.

This tool provides a statistical overview and tables outlining the export activities of U.S. small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which are defined as firms that have fewer than employees. All figures in this overview and tables include only identifiable or "known" exports, i.e., exports that can be linked to individual companies.

Issued by the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce to regulate the preparation and filing of the Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) by exporters, freight forwarders, and ocean carriers. GBS - Group B Shipments. A license exception specified in the EAR.

HPC - High performance Computer. Computers whose processing capabilities require. Aside from export control laws, University policies regarding protection of student, financial, and HIPAA-controlled data recommend that such data not be stored on devices taken outside the US.

If the computer or other equipment is owned by the University of Colorado, the equipment as well as any pre-loaded encryption software may be eligible.

The attack by Chinese spies reached almost 30 U.S. companies, including Amazon and Apple, by compromising America’s technology supply chain, according to extensive interviews with government and. Independence Ave., S.W. Washington, DC Phone: Media Inquiries: By Great Britain went off the gold standard, managing to increase exports and lessen imports.

The U.S. market was flooded with British goods and U.S. industry suffered. In July, world economic leaders met in Bretton Woods, NH for a “new world economic order” and soon the dollar became the new standard. The U.S.

share of worldwide high-tech exports has been in a year decline sinceafter a dramatic rise from $77 billion in to $ billion in The latest data has the U.S. high-tech exports at $ : Lawrence J. Gitman, Carl McDaniel, Amit Shah, Monique Reece, Linda Koffel, Bethann Talsma, James C.

China, May. 22 — In a first look at trade tariffs the U.S. and China have recently slapped on each other, economists at S&P Global Ratings believe the direct effects on the world's two largest economies are likely to be minimal—if the levies remain in place for the rest of However, the indirect macroeconomic effects are likely to be many, varied, and capture other trade.

An overview of U.S. trade, utilizing time series data regarding national accounts, trade partners, industry, and jobs on a national, state, and metropolitan-area level.

Tags national accounts jobs industry imports exports and 1 more. Foreign competitors prevailed when Hughes had to forego $ million in satellite exports to China because of curbs on such sales.

China, in protest against US trade sanctions, placed a. Jenny is a line manager at Maxvin Corp. She is assigned the task of understanding and gathering detailed information about the requirements of carrying out a certain job. Information gathered by Jenny will be used to provide essential knowledge for staffing, training, performance appraisal, and other HR activities.

Which of the following most. Science and technology in the Philippines describes scientific and technological progress made by the Philippines and analyses related policy issues.

The main agency responsible for managing science and technology (S&T) is the Department of Science and Technology (DOST). There are also sectorial councils for Forestry, Agriculture and Aquaculture, the Metal Industry, Nuclear.

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) is a United States regulatory regime to restrict and control the export of defense and military related technologies to safeguard U.S. national security and further U.S. foreign policy objectives. Defense-related articles and services on the United States Munitions List (USML) are covered by the regulations, which implement the.

He also actively participates in policy forums convened by academia, think tanks and industry groups, including recent contributions to the National Petroleum Council study regarding prudent development of North American oil and gas resources and the Brookings Institution task force concerning liquefied natural gas exports.

Book worked. Globalization of Innovation: The Personal Computing Industry I. Introduction1 August marked the 25th anniversary of the release of the original IBM PC, the product that defined the standards around which a vast new industry formed.

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National NSA is responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign and domestic intelligence and counterintelligence purposes, specializing in a discipline known Employees: Classified (est.

30,–40,). See "United States Export Policy Toward Iraq Prior to Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait," Senate ReportSenate Committee on Banking Housing and Urban Affairs, d Congress, Second Session (Octo ).

Chapter 1. Iraqi Chemical and Biological Warfare Capability. The goal of this study was to develop strategies that protect national security interests in high performance computing while not endangering U.S.

dominance of the computer industry. Office of Technology Assessment: Biological effects of power frequency electric and magnetic fields / (Washington, DC: Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., []), also by Indira Nair, H. Keith Florig, and M.

Granger Morgan (page images at HathiTrust). Lee briefed Secretary of State Powell on ROK policy toward the North, sought a renewed U.S. endorsement of the Sunshine Policy, and lobbied for a meeting between President Bush and President Kim at the earliest possible time.

36 Although Secretary Powell offered a broad endorsement of ROK policy, he also made reference to specific U.S. policy. In an aggressive move to curb's China's advancement in supercomputing the US government has proceeded to ban sales of high end Intel, Nvidia and AMD CPUs and GPUs in Author: Khalid Moammer.

To assist the commenters and others who have questions about BIS's policy regarding when a license or other authorization is required for in-country transfers, BIS has made the following the standard first condition on its licenses: “Items subject to the EAR and within the scope of this license may not be reexported or transferred (in-country.

Traveling outside the U.S. with laptops, tablets, smart phones or storage devices involves special considerations and may require an export license: Hardware. Generally speaking, computer hardware is not subject to tight restrictions, as long as the hardware returns to the US.

However, there are limitations on "high performance" computers. The first cornerstone concept under ITAR - ITAR contains a list of products called the U. Munitions List (USML) If your product is on this list, it is subject to these controls. This is a key concept.

If your product is on the list, everything else flows from this. If you look down the list, you will see that the majority of headings- a lot. The year the world changed was Senator Al Gore ushers through the High Performance Computing and Communications Act. participated in a White House ceremony announcing the first comprehensive statement of U.S.

policy on the management and use of the Global Positioning System. According to Kaminski, this policy statement marks. China is gleaning know-how from foreign firms, willing or otherwise, to build the industries of the future, in an effort that worries companies and Washington.

And, as is often the case, the U.S. political process seems to be slower at making the stretch to globalization than have companies in the private sector. For example, U.S. companies had preliminary joint venture agreements with companies in Canada and Mexico two or three years before the North American Free Trade Agreement was signed.The U.S.A.

remains in fourth place in terms of the total length of yachts underway 8, feet) although this represents 66 projects. The United Arab Emirates climbs onto the leader board this year in 9th place with 11 projects underway for a total of 1, feet.

For some countries, yacht exports play a significant role in the balance of trade.U.S. Department of Commerce. 14th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Washington, DC Re: Agency/Docket No. Dear Mr. Borman, On behalf of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, we are pleased to submit comments in response to the advanced notice of proposed rulemaking (ANPRM) on the review ofAuthor: Robert D.

Atkinson, Stephen Ezell.